Arrows

Arrows have a lot of head, nock and fletching variations and have to be customised to your draw length and bow weight so are usually made to be made to order only.

Note that most shaft suppliers are discontinuing wooden shafts and heavy weights and lengths above 31″ are now almost impossible to obtain locally. Lead times are quite long and postage costs high as I’m having to import small quantities from the USA.

There may be some items in stock, those will be listed at the bottom of this page. If you think my prices are expensive, just have a look at similar arrows being made in the UK.

Please have a look at the catalogue, let me know if you’re after something that isn’t there, I can usually do the research and come up with a design in a couple of weeks.


  1. Iceman – Neolithic flint headed arrows (4000BC-100AD)
  2. Roman range (Republic to fall of Empire)
  3. Nydam range (3-6th C Scandinavian)
  4. Hedeby (9th C Norse)
  5. Bell’s Wharf (10-11th C Anglo Saxon)
  6. Mabinogion (12th C Welsh)
  7. Iolo Goch (14th century Welsh)
  8. Chaucer’s Yeoman (1350-1450)
  9. Robyn Hode (1450-1550)
  10. Beauchamp Pageant Arrows (English 14-17th C)
  11. Foix (France, late 14th C hunting arrows)
  12. Black Tapestry Arrows (Flemish, possibly of English archers, 15-16th C)
  13. Tudor range (English 1545AD)
  14. Ascham range – English target arrows (1550AD-1700AD)

How to care for your arrow and fletching


All prices are per arrow in Australian dollars (AUD).

Postage and handling charges will apply to each order.


Neolithic flint headed arrows based on those carried by Ötzi.

Iceman – Neolithic flint headed arrows (4000BC-100AD)

Flint head, duck feather, pitch and linen binding on parallel sided shaft. A$26

These Neolithic flint headed arrows are based on those carried by Ötzi.

Fletching is hand split duck feather, the same as is used on the museum reconstruction. The only compromise is using linen rather than nettle thread on the binding. Binding is done in a S twist on this example, because these are left wing feathers. The head, feathers and binding are glued in place with pitch.

The shaft is straight with parallel sides. These arrows will be supplied 1″/25mm longer than ordered so you don’t end up drawing past the binding and getting pitch on your bow.

Please note that these are display only, as the heads are too fragile for use an anything harder than a hay bale.

South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology, Ötzi’s arrows page
My research for this reconstruction is here.


Roman range (Republic to fall of Empire)

Third century Roman arrow from Dura Europos, pine, sinew, paint, feathers matched in colour, profile and size with the existing original, trilobate copper alloy head by Manning Imperial.

Dura – Bronze trilobate head (100BC-350AD)

3rd century Roman arrow from Dura Europos, pine, sinew, paint, feathers matched in colour, profile and size with the existing original, trilobate copper alloy head by Manning Imperial. The originals were footed with reed, but I couldn’t find a reasonable match for size, strength or appearance.

Variations:
Medium bodkin head in steel, which matches 3rd C finds from Vindolanda, Caerleon and Saalburg;

Chippenham 2 style broadhead in steel matching 4th C examples from Gundremmingen and Gornea;

or

Basket style fire head matching 3th C examples from Dura Europos.

Bronze head variations

  • Dura – Bronze trilobate head – as shown (100BC-350AD), $39

Steel head variations (50BC-600AD)

  • Gundremmingen – small broadhead(300AD-500AD) $26
  • Caerleon – medium bodkin (50BC-600AD) $28
  • Sulla – basket style fire head (50BC-500AD) $33

My research for this reconstruction is here.


Nydam range (3-6th C Scandinavian)

Arrows based on finds from Nydam Mose, Juvfonna and Illerup Ådal in Denmark, 200-500 AD.
6″ turkey feather, shaped shaft with bulbous nock

$26 as shown in the photograph, custom variations are available

Bone arrow heads can be made to order P.O.A.

Illerup Adal / Nydam AD200-500

Similar arrows have been found at Nydam Mose. Fletching is turkey, colour matched to white-tailed eagle wing pinions, profile is from extant contemporary fletching from Juvfonna in Norway.

Variations

  • Leaf-shaped tanged head
  • Forked tanged head
  • Bone tanged head
  • Red paint all over shaft per the late 5th C grave at Högum, Medelpad, Sweden

Thanks to Matt Bunker for the photos of the originals from the museum.

My research for this reconstruction is here.


Hedeby (9th C Norse)

Tanged head and cast bronze nock $45

Minimum order quantity of 6 arrows applies to this item. Expect 12 week lead time on this item due to the custom casting.

Hedeby (9th C Norse)

Hedeby Arrow with Bone Nock Price $ per arrow plus post and handling Turkey feather colour matched to white tailed eagle pinions, white cock feather, linen binding, pitch, enamelled copper wire.
Nock on this prototype is antler, production ones will be bronze (as were the originals).

Variations
Leaf-shaped tanged head
Leaf-shaped socketed head
Forked tanged head
Small socketed broadhead

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Bell’s Wharf (10-11th C Anglo Saxon)
Straight sided shaft, head riveted to the shaft, goose or turkey feathers glued with pitch and linen binding.

5″ Goose feather, $24

5″ Turkey feather, $21

$0.50 extra per arrow for nock binding

Saxo Germanicus (11th C Anglo Saxon) 5″ Goose feather, $17 Single ply thread rather than 2-ply as shown $0.50 extra per arrow for nock binding 11th C Saxon arrows – Chippenham style heads riveted t the shaft, goose feathers glued with pitch and undyed linen binding. STM price is $17. per arrow plus post and handling

11th C Saxon arrows – Chippenham type 1 heads riveted to the shaft, goose feathers glued with pitch and undyed linen binding.

10th C Saxon arrows – heat blued Chippenham type 1 heads riveted to the shaft, black turkey feathers glued with pitch and black linen binding.

Variations
Chippenham type 1 (leaf-shaped) head
Chippenham type 2 (small broadhead) head
Simulated goose feather
Real goose feather
Simulated raven feather

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Mabinogion (12th C Welsh)
I beheld two youths, … their arrows had shafts of the bone of the whale, and were winged with peacock’s feathers. The shafts also had golden heads.

The Mabinogion – Iarlles Y Ffynnawn (The Lady of the Fountain)

5″ Turkey feather, $19

5″ Peacock feather, $25

$0.50 extra per arrow for nock binding

Mabinogion range, brass type 5 target heads, turkey or peacock fletch bound with yellow polyester thread (I can’t find a heavy enough silk at the moment). Fletching is the early medieval hog’s back hunting profile, other profiles available. Shafts painted in ivory enamel. “I beheld two youths, … their arrows had shafts of the bone of the whale, and were winged with peacock’s feathers. The shafts also had golden heads.” The Mabinogion – Iarlles Y Ffynnawn (The Lady of the Fountain) Mabinogion (9th C Welsh) 5″ Turkey feather, $16 5″ Peacock feather, $19 $0.50 extra per arrow for nock binding per arrow plus post and handling

Mabinogion range, brass type 5 target heads, turkey or peacock fletch bound with yellow art silk thread binding. Fletching is the early medieval hog’s back hunting profile, other profiles available. Shafts painted in ivory enamel.

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Iolo Goch, 14th century Welsh arrows
“…and in my hand a bow of red yew ready bent, with a tough tight string, and a straight round shaft with a well rounded nock, having long slender feathers of a green silk fastening, and a sharp-edged steel head, heavy and thick, and an inch wide, of a green blue temper, that would draw blood out of a weathercock.”
attributed to y Paun Bach, Dafydd ab Owen Gwynedd’s messenger – Owain Iolo Goch, 14th C

Straight shaft, 6″ goose feather in low triangle profile, green silk binding, virido grecco over shaftment, Tudor bodkin heads. Introductory price $27

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Chaucer’s Yeoman (1350-1450)

A sheef of pecok arwes, bright and kene,
Under his belt he bar ful thriftily,
(wel koude he dresse his takel yemanly:
His arwes drouped noght with fetheres lowe)

Chaucer, G., The Canterbury Tales, Prologue, The Yeoman, lines 104-7

Straight shaft, 7″ peacock feather in low triangle profile, yellow silk binding, type 16 heads. Introductory price $27

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Robyn Hode, (1450-1550)

An hundred shefe of arowes gode,
The hedys burneshed full bryght;

And every arowe an elle longe,
With pecok wel idyght,
Inocked all with whyte silver silk;
It was a semely syght.

A Gest of Robyn Hode, lines 523-8

Straight shaft, 6″ peacock feather in hogs-back or traditional profile, white silk binding, your choice of medium bodkin or type 10 heads. Introductory price $27.

Our customer requested a blued needle bodkin for this one, but we usually use polished bodkin heads.

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Beauchamp Pageant Arrows (English 14-17th C)
Arrow from an illustration in the Beauchamp Chronicles ( 15th century ) , very similar arrows are shown in the carvings on Prince Arthur’s Chantry Chapel in Worcester Cathedral.

Tapered shaft, 7″ goose feather, horn cross-nock

Beauchamp Chronicles, 14th C

Jessop M2 head, tapered mountain ash shaft, goose fletching, horn cross-nock, red linen binding, rosin/beeswax glue used over binding. This arrow complies with the current Welsh Warbow standard.

Variations:
straight shaft with Tudor bodkin from $26
barrelled shaft with M2 head from $35

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Foix (France, late 14th C hunting arrows)
French hunting arrow with spliced feathers and swallowtail broadhead, from $32

“The wood of a well-formed arrow measures eight handsful in length from the end of the nock to the barbs of the head, which will be exactly four fingers broad, from the point of one barb to the point of the other. It must be duly proportioned in every part, well filed and sharpened, and five fingers in length.”
Le Livre de la Chasse by Gaston Phoebus, Count of Foix, 1388

The head on this one’s only three fingers broad and four fingers long. The duly proportioned fletching is 7½″ long and the cut and awful colours are taken from a 14th C illumination. Cock feather is solid green, shaft is bobtailed, 9⁄16″ at the head and a generous ⅜″ at the nock.

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Black Tapestry Arrows (Flemish, possibly of English archers, 15-16th C)
9″ feather, spliced cock feather, long binding, parallel sides shaft, painted nock, MoL type 16/Jessop M4 swept broadhead $28

These arrows are based on the Black Tapestry held in the Cathedral of Zamora in Spain. The tapestry was originally made in Flanders and depicts English archers, it was taken to Spain during the 30 years war.

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Tudor range (English 1545AD)
War Arrows – Barrelled shaft, Tudor bodkin, 7.5″ feather, horn cross-nock, virido grecco (suitable for 120# bow) from $27
Flight Arrows – Straight shaft, medium bodkin, 6″ feather, horn cross-nock, virido grecco (suitable for up to 80# bow) from $21

Mary Tudor, AD 1545

English war arrow inspired by the Mary Rose finds. 15mm diameter in the centre, tapering to 10mm at the nock and 12mm at the head. Horn cross-nocked, goose fletching, linen binding, Tudor bodkin head, binding and feathers fastened with multiple coats of rosin/beeswax glue with verdigris added. It may be slightly oversize by about 1mm in the middle, but Weapons of Warre does say that they think the arrows have shrunk somewhat.

Horn cross-nocked Tudor flight arrows with virido greco, triangle cut goose feather tied with red linen and long bodkin heads.

28” Horn Cross-nocked Flight Arrow Shaft: Ramin, 5/16” spined 45-50# Head: 120gn hand finished short bodkin point Fletching: Trueflight 5” shield cut turkey feather Binding: plied linen thread secured with wax Finish: wax finish on shaft Nock: cow horn cross-nocked 50mm deep (three arrows 25mm deep), nominal 8mm depth

28” Horn Cross-nocked Flight Arrow Shaft: Ramin, 5/16” spined 45-50# Head: 120gn hand finished short bodkin point Fletching: Trueflight 5” shield cut turkey feather Binding: plied linen thread secured with wax Finish: wax finish on shaft Nock: cow horn cross-nocked 50mm deep (three arrows 25mm deep), nominal 8mm depth

Tudor flight arrows with shield cut feathers and green linen binding.

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Ascham range – English target arrows (1550AD-1700AD)
5″ feather, horn cross-nock, parallel sides shaft, linen binding, from $21

Ascham – 16-17th C

Early 17th century target arrow based on Ascham’s description of the ideal arrow.
Long type 5 target head, linen thread, straight mountain ash shaft (Ascham would hate that choice of timber), horn cross-nocked, goose feathers with black cock feather, rosin / beeswax glue.

Peasants at Archery
This type of arrows can be seen in the painting Peasants at Archery by David Teniers the Younger (1645).

Wayne’s research page for this reconstruction

Upcoming lines
Thomas Eme (1475)
In 1475 Thomas Eme bequeathed his best sheaf of arrows, plumatarum cum gruibus nigris (fletched with black crane feathers).

Master of the Holy Kinship, 15th century Italian
Arrows from the altarpiece of St Sebastian by the Master of the Holy Kinship 1493-1494

The altarpiece of St Sebastian by the Master of the Holy Kinship 1493-1494

How to Care for your arrow’s fletching
Due to the use of natural materials, these arrows are not machine washable. Do not spin, dry flat in the shade. If they get wet and start looking manky, steam from a kettle or hot cuppa can help, followed by a gentle blow dry with a hair drier.

Do not alarm the arrows by discussing politics in front of them.

Once a year, or more if needed, feed the timber by waxing the outside heavily with a commercial pure bees’ wax and turpentine furniture polish from a reputable furniture store, and buff off.

Keep some mothballs in the bottom of the quiver to deter feather mites.

He has written a special research paper on

MEDIEVAL MYTHS: PEACOCK ARROWS

which can be read on his website

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